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Approaches to literary criticism essay
Feminist Criticism, feminist Criticism is literary criticism based on feminist theories. Later analysts would conclude that clearly one cannot psychoanalyse a writer from his text; one can only appropriate him. That, I take it, would be the point of view of, say, Jesse Helms or McGuffeys Reader. I started by saying that literary criticism is about books and psychoanalysis is about minds. Practitioners of the critical movement developed it by examining a wide range of texts such as newspapers, advertisements, approaches to literary criticism essay popular music, historical accounts, poetry, novels, and diaries. Unlike psychoanalytic critics, archetypal critics such as Frye do not attempt to explain why the archetypes exist. You can name the quality you are experiencing. However, more complex variations of psychoanalytic criticism are possible.
Literary Criticism free essay sample - New York Essays
There is not one correct interpretation, but only interpretations, with each one possessing its own validity. We could talk about lyric poems (see, for example, Sullivan 1967 or Tennenhouse 1976). Discussions of point of view, tone, plot, character, and structure are formal ways of looking at lit from this point of view. Therefore, how the reader perceives a poem is always the most important aspect every poet considers whilst writhing. Northrop Frye considered that the literary critic finds Freud most suggestive for the theory of comedy, and Jung for the theory of romance. In practice, such an architectural premise is complicated further by his inclination to dabble in the metaphysical and occasionally, in the metafictional. The psychological survey of an creative person. The process of changing from latent to manifest content is known as the dream work, and involves operations of concentration and displacement. Psychological criticism has a number of approaches, but in general, it usually employs one (or more) of three approaches: An investigation of the creative process of the artist: what is the nature of literary genius and how does it relate to normal mental functions?
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Literature exists in potential space (Schwartz 1975; Bollas 1979). MRI and PET scans enable us to get pictures of the blood and oxygen flow and other things in the brain as that person fears or perceives or reads or listens to languge. But more to the point, they confirm what every psychoanalyst has seen from behind the couch. Formalist Criticism: This approach regards literature as a unique form of human knowledge that needs to be examined on its own terms. Then the student might consider any of the following approaches such as New Historicism, New Criticism, Archetypal Criticism or Cultural Criticism. Those are the three people that the psychoanalytic critic can talk about: the author, the audience, and some character represented in or associated with a text. We can imagine a small boy giving his life to the rescue of that shamed and failing mother, making her into something different from what she was, erasing the reality through his own creativity. It seems to me that the direction psychoanalytic theory, including its theory of literature, needs to take in the twenty-first century is to integrate psychoanalytic insights with the new discoveries coming from brain research and cognitive science. To see a great work of fiction or a great poem primarily as a psychological case study is often to miss its wider significance and perhaps even the essential aesthetic experience it should provide. From the beginning of this field to the present, that cast of characters has never changed: author, audience, or some person derived from the text. Looks for archetypes such as Gods creation of human beings, the sacrifice of a hero, or the search for paradise.
tags: literary and historical analysis Research Papers 1326 words (3.8 pages) - More so than that of most other comparably illustrious writers, a number of Vladimir Nabokovs works beckon near polarizing discrepancies in interpretation and actual author intent amidst literary circles. This is a sensitive and perceptive account of life on a Minnesota farm in 1903. We could simply write them off. This means that the text represses its real (or latent) content behind obvious (manifest) content. Hence, it often affords a practical method by which readers can better understand a text. The story brings to life something from long ago that may or may not be fictional. #61692; What application do the ideas have to the works characters and situations? It attempts to describe what happens in the readers mind while interpreting a text and reflects that reading, like writing, is a creative process. That approaches to literary criticism essay seems a little bit more problematic. At first, she had been a glamorous dancer onstage where the boy often admired her.
10 Literary Approaches Essay Example - Bla Bla Writing
The criticism has been made, however, that in his and his early followers studies what calls for elucidation are not the artistic and literary works themselves, but rather the psychopathology and biography of the artist, writer or fictional characters. Like structuralists, post-structuralists rely on close readings of texts; however, post-structuralists believe that language is inherently unstable in meaning and the meaning of the texts is ultimately indecipherable. Those are the three minds that the psychoanalytic critic addresses. That to me, is the purpose of psychoanalytic criticism. More, literature, choose six of the following approaches and find one article for each approach. To add to our empathy and understanding and through our empathic understanding to add to the experience of art. Critics may view the fictional characters as a psychological case study, attempting approaches to literary criticism essay to identify such Freudian concepts as Oedipus complex, penis envy, Freudian slips, Id, ego and superego and so on, and demonstrate how they influenced the thoughts and behaviors of fictional characters. In other words instruction helps delight and delight helps instruction. What was it all for? We turn to literature for a pleasurable experience. Originals ) that evokes fundamentally the same response in all people.
What Is Literary Criticism?
Length: 594 words (1.7 double-spaced pages rating: Excellent, essay Preview. To study lit from this perspective is to determine whether a work conveys a lesson or a message and whether it can help readers lead better lives and improve their understanding of the world. In other words, I think psychoanalytic critics should be interpreting their own, if you will, countertransference to the text or whatever else they are describing. Feminist, holds that most of lit presents a masculine/patriarchal view in which the role of women is negated or at best minimized. We come, then, to a much larger question. Marxist criticism, which focuses on the economic and political elements of art, often emphasizing the ideological content of literature; because Marxist criticism often argues that all art is political, either challenging or endorsing (by silence) the status quo, it is frequently. However, a biographical critic must be careful not to take the biographical facts of a writers life too far in criticizing the works of that writer: the biographical critic focuses on explicating the literary work by using the insight. Like all forms of literary criticism, psychoanalytic criticism can yield useful clues to the sometime baffling symbols, actions, and settings in a literary work; however, like all forms of literary criticism, it has its limits. We can rescue them by using our imagination as Chaplin rescued his mother in imagination. As Guerin,. But what about the future? In this way, a critic can add to your pleasure in a book but also help you to understand your pleasure.
Best in the analysis of narratives and larger units. Archetypal/symbolic/mythic Presupposes that human life is built up out of patterns, or archetypes, that are similar throughout various cultures and historical times. Rollin writes that Hollands experiments in reader response theory suggest that we all read literature selectively, unconsciously projecting our own fantasies into. Put it in A Handbook of Critical Approaches to Literature. That is, a word, an eventtake, for example, a national catastrophe like the Kennedy assassination or the Challenger crash or the embassy bombings in Nairobi and Dar-es-Salaam. While on Colonel Lloyds plantation, slaves were given a monthly allowance of eight pounds of pork and one bushel of corn (Douglass 224). Such analysis may be based from a variety of critical approaches or movements,.g.
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Snake) and patterns (e.g. Thus for example Hayden White has explored how Freuds descriptions tally with nineteenth-century theories of tropes, which his work somehow reinvents. And, of course, for complex words like democracy or psychoanalyst, the results will be even more personal. The best known post-structuralist approach is deconstructionism. Therefore, the psychoanalytic critic can only talk about the minds associated with the book. Sociological Criticism: This approach examines literature in the cultural, economic and political context in which it is written or received, exploring the relationships between the artist and society.
What is the purpose of literary criticism? In the future, I hope psychoanalytic literary critics will draw on the rich insights of cognitive science. Psychoanalytic: Such criticism aims at uncovering the working of the human mindespecially the expression of the unconscious. What is most noticeable of the formalist critic are the rudimentss of form-style. Absolutely, most critics have adapted psychoanalytic literary criticism theory based upon the works of psychoanalysis by famous psychologists Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, and Jacques Lacan to literary works. Used not only to discover meaning, but also to determine whether works of literature are both true and significant. tags: English Literature Research Papers 821 words (2.3 pages) - I strongly believe that every person who reads a book, listens to the radio, or watches a program on television will make their own assumptions.
They are most simply expressed by Horace in his Ars Poetica: aut prodesse aut delectare. Then, to arrive at a meaning for a word, the brain assembles or coordinates these different kinds of information from different places in the brain. But in that future, I hope even more that psychoanalytic literary critics will offer their readers both instruction and approaches to literary criticism essay delight. These archetypes may be themes, such as love, characterizations, such as the hero; or patterns, such as death and rebirth. A shift of the sensory modality in a poem may serve as a kind of isolation. We were no longer limited to plays and stories. Persse listened to this stream of filth flowing from between Angelicas exquisite lips and pearly teeth with growing astonishment and burning cheeks, but no one else in the audience seemed to find anything remarkable or disturbing about her presentation. I know. There is no simple correspondence between signifier and signified as Lacan claimed. If you observe these aspects of the work, you will have a better experience.
Important because it enables critics to discuss works from widely disparate cultures and historical periods. These new researches confirm what we reader-response critics have been saying for a long time. Archetypal Criticism, archetypal criticism is a critical approach to literature that seeks to find and understand the purpose of archetypes within literature. #61692; How may the ideas be evaluated intellectually? Byatts novel Possession, the heroine/feminist scholar, while recognising that we live in the truth of what Freud discovered, concedes that the whole of our scholarship the whole of our thought we question everything except the centrality of sexuality. Writing: #61692; One page per article #61692; 2 pgs summary, critical approaches important in the study of literature: moral/intellectual, concerned with content and values. But suppose I offer you a bit of psychoanalytic criticism. As psychoanalysts began to define the pre-oedipal stagesoral, anal, urethral, phallicthe range of fantasies that one could identify in a literary text expanded from oedipal triangles to fantasies about money, devouring and being devoured, going into dangerous places, fantasies. You might ask, How is this text use or represent the unconscious mind: of the author, the characters, the reader? For example, a character in a TV series who continuously changes careers might be said to be the archetypal seeker. Feminist criticism developed primarily in the 1960s and 1970s, although it is evident in earlier works as well, for example in the works of Virginia Woolf and Mary Wollstonecraft. An often-repeated statement from Marx expresses a basic idea specific to this form of criticism. Needless to say, few English teachers can qualify as the universal geniuses that such discussions require.
Literary Criticism - A Comprehensive Description
Cultural Criticism, cultural criticism is a recent movement in approaches to literary criticism essay criticism that is interdisciplinary by extending the range of examined texts beyond just the literary works themselves to objects or practices that can be interpreted as representative of a cultures beliefs, values, laws, for example. Reader-response Rooted in the branch of philosophy that deals with the understanding of how things appear (phenomenology). Id like to go back to a more fundamental question. The critic analyzes the language and symbolism of a text to reverse the process of the dream work and arrive at the underlying latent thoughts. But there is always an element of personality in what a critic saysotherwise, why would we sign our articles? Originally an offshoot of feminist movements, gender criticism today includes a number of approaches, including the so-called masculinist approach recently advocated by poet Robert Bly.
Literary approaches : essays research papers
Again, we often read both the defenses and the fantasies back to the authors, and the result has been distinguished approaches to literary criticism essay biographies by Leon Edel (1953-1972 Justin Kaplan (1966, 1982 and Cynthia Griffin Wolff (1977, 1986 to name but a few of the many good psychobiographers. The danger is that such criticism tends to be reductive, explaining away the ambiguities of works of literature by reference to established psychoanalytic doctrine; and very little of this work retains much influence today. Especially influential here has been the work of Jacques Lacan, an avid reader of literature who used literary examples as illustrations of important concepts in his work (for instance, Lacan argued with Jacques Derrida over the interpretation of Edgar Allan Poes The Purloined Letter). Attempts to discover the forms unifying all lit. There have been many failures of psychoanalytic criticism, mostly as a result of crudity in applying psychoanalytic ideas: labeling, pathography, id analysis. Suppose I say that Dickens is an obsessional writer. How do you shape and change those those worlds to fit your own characteristic patterns of fantasy and defense?
You understand their background, their trials, and their joys. Psychoanalytic criticism can be applied to either the author/text relationship or to the reader/text relationship. Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper How to Cite this Page MLA Citation: "Literary approaches.". The bulk of gender criticism, however, is feminist and takes as a central precept that the patriarchal attitudes that have dominated western thought have resulted, consciously or unconsciously, in literature full of unexamined male-produced assumptions. One influential type of sociological criticism. The movement is also referred to as formalism or structuralism. This attack allows you to utilize your head mentally and do non-traditional premises that represent this world. What is the purpose, what is the use, of saying Hamlet has an oedipus complex and maybe Shakespeare does too? Their annual clothing rations werent any better; considering the type of field work they did, what little clothing they were given quickly deteriorated. Nonetheless, Marxist criticism can illuminate political and economic dimensions of literature other approaches overlook. Most people find these episodes repellingly sentimental.