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Hilaire belloc essay on preserving english
It is under some circumstances a demand for wealth which is not connected with the produce of the original investment, and the payment of which is therefore not a payment of part profit, but a payment to be made. The mechanical side of it, the method of achieving it, is hard to obtain. I do not use the word "political" in the ridiculous sense of that puppet show, the professional politics of the House of Commons. When I was first stammering out my elements as a boy at Oxford, a learned professor assured us in his lecture that the text of Aristotle must have become corrupt, because he could never have said so silly a thing as to call usury wrong. But they are in existence all the same, and always active. Remember that the reaction of men against what they dislike is exactly proportioned to its activity. As for patriotism, that second character in the English which renders the task of conversion, as I have called it, impossible, why, English patriotism is best defined in the phrase - "Patriotism is the religion of the English.". Of these four the first was not the product of the Reformation, the second was enhanced by the Reformation, the last two are the special creations of Protestantism. But I say that "supplementary to it" must be a new conception of the way in which we should set to work, and I say that that new conception involves the two directives of negation against what. We should recover an appreciable section of the gentry and their example would spread. One can deal with no problem until one has analyzed its nature.
ON preserving english' BY hilaire belloc
Incidentally, those days were also days in which the production of wealth upon an increasing scale was not regarded as the end of man. There are two kinds of methods: the direct and the indirect. Boycott is the strongest of those weapons and the most effective; he will have to endure that. The second directive, the positive one, is instruction. Then, whether through fatigue, or through war or pestilence, or variations in the external market, or some calamity of climate, things begin to go wrong.
Free Essays on Essay On Preserving English By Hilaire
After that disaster usury gradually became admitted. Take another example of this unity: the passion for order, because disorder threatens unity. Everyone at last fell into line, and today Usury works side by side with legitimate profit, and, confused with it, has become universal throughout what used to be Christian civilization. His anger, I think, is a test of our success. This unity is of especial effect on foreign policy. For this action he was condemned to prison, his life presumably ruined and his human home destroyed, on the evidence of a person paid to discover such cases by a private society. The sense of superiority here spoken of is nowadays of a piece with all the rest. Let us go fifty-fifty. A transmutation of English thought cannot come today through the old channels. The next point in the modern situation, arising out of this first one, is the omnipresence of the State in England today, particularly in the field of instruction. We must expose the confusion of thought in the opposing camp; its ignorance of the world and of the past, its absurd idols.
Now, activity is the hilaire belloc essay on preserving english condition of success. There will arrive a moment after which the cultivator can no longer find the money to pay the interest, which has long since ceased to be morally due. A society in which the lender assumes it to be his moral duty to examine the object of a loan before he considers its profit to himself is different from a society in which he is not expected to. One thing, however, is certain, we must here act in general upon society. Nothing is more typical of the social attitude adopted than the half ironic but very serious phrase: "After all, if a policeman is attacked somebody ought to be hanged." And talking of hanging, what a gulf between. You feel this national sense of superiority very strongly in the contrasting spheres of administration and government. The report of such a case in Catholic social surroundings would raise a storm. The annual wealth produced by the oasis declines. I mean by the word "Press" the newspapers which are in every hand and the flood of popular fiction, the accepted official view of history - especially of national history - and all the other forms of lamentable ignorance. He must use his savings under a system where interest without examination is normal and all the infinite details of a world-wide system of production, distribution, and exchange have so long been based on the acceptation. The capital sum into which this modest investment of a thousand pounds at five percent has grown is to be paid over to him under an order of the court. Of this sense of superiority, appearing in a thousand ways, I will give two concluding examples, taken among thousands - the phrase: "We are not a logical nation and the sincere affectation of national virtue. Most of us do the opposite.
We need such agents, nonetheless. Thus 'On Preserving English' is a very nice essay. Fashion governs with peculiar power in times such as ours when intelligence is failing. The system must go on till we break, and even the word "break" is inaccurate. But the best way to use the Press for instruction is by challenge: by repeatedly asking, and occasionally obtaining, space in, the popular journals, where we are read by non-Catholics, to correct false hilaire belloc essay on preserving english impressions. The fine parsonages in which it is so difficult for the impoverished modern clergy to carry on, witness to that past. I have seen England, with its very small professional army and with military operations on any large scale unknown to it within the memory of man, produce suddenly a force of two million fully equipped and increasing in value with. It was taken for granted as part of the air they breathed. The Great War loans, which are almost entirely usurious, have powerfully accelerated this process. We must be militant. Mechanical administration being better carried out here than elsewhere, foreign societies are tested by their success or failure to reach a similar standard in mechanical administration.
Reflections on Hilaire Bellocs "An Essay on the
Neither of these examples could arise in practice because the law forbids such prolonged accumulation, but the very fact that the law has been compelled to do so, is proof that there is something wrong with the current notion everywhere. These two causes are Justice and Order. It is impossible for the effects of the change to be observable within, say, seventy years. According to Belloc the first danger is a moral one. Let us take a less fantastic example, and perhaps it will be more convincing. I am nearly certain that it cannot be achieved by a daily Press; I think it is to be achieved mainly by books. Very high interest is commonly greater than the real wealth produced even by a productive loan, and to demand it is, in effect, to demand more than the produce of the original loan; but there is nothing. Productivity has been vastly increased since Usury took root. We are coming near the end of its maleficent action, not through awaking to its evils but because it is reaching the end of its resources. Should there arise tomorrow a considerable party of politicians labeled "Communist I can see no reason why a Catholic should not vote for the worthy. Henry IV of France, after his conversion, was especially active in this form of borrowing. There were, perhaps, in the past, moments when that spirit was unwise; today, it seems to me demanded by a just judgment of the situation. Again, while we lack hilaire belloc essay on preserving english the machinery for popular dissemination of truth, yet if we make that dissemination our aim its effect will appear.
The tone of English life was doctrinal. Much earlier, in the true Middle Ages, princes were perpetually borrowing for their wars - principally from the newly arisen Italian banking system; and earlier still, when Usury was the exceptional, but chartered and legal privilege. If that be so - and it is so - let us consider in what direction effort would seem to offer most prospect of fruit. The interest is met from outside sources; but the process cannot go on forever, and there comes a time when the bank has to write the loan off as a bad debt. We have duties to God in regard to animals, but they have no duties. It is, I think, indubitable that the conversion of England through an upper class and through the organs which the upper class used to control, is no longer to be considered. The explanation lies in three considerations: First, when Usury is universally permitted and enforced, it becomes only part of a general activity for the accumulation of capital with the object of investment. In his essays we find brilliant wisdom and seriousness. The gentry left all for money; yet, at the same time, great wealth became unstable, so the town masses went adrift without leadership. No, I mean "political" in the true sense. It may also be observed in the absence of all active criticism against public men, and in the absence of any real political opposition - indeed, for Englishmen, the very word "opposition" in politics has come to mean a label in a rather dull game.
Hilaire Belloc: Essays - catholic tradition
That is quite true. It has been the making of the English Imperial power. Nor can anyone deny that it has accompanied and, I think, been largely the cause of the great modern expansion in production. That is not at all an impossible supposition. Fashion is a tawdry ally - but we must not despise. Two parts of one chemical element to four parts of another will give you a certain product.
The Press which "counted" was the Press which catered for the educated and the leisured; even the daily papers, though the cultured affected to despise them, were manifestly not written for the mass of Englishmen, and, indeed, the. At last, in this year 1931, an heir turns up and proves his title. Those who have seen, as we have all seen, individual conversions by the score which were, humanly speaking, inconceivable, cannot call even so great an operation as the Conversion of England impossible. There is no contract between us; and they are made for our service. III We must consider a new method, because the old method has failed. Meanwhile, all the body upon which attempted conversion had to work, the stuff of England, was as I have said, doctrinal. A sum of money lent has, according to our present scheme, a natural right to interest. And in their weaker word to express the older stronger word, they have managed to get rid altogether of the thing for which the word stood; the reformers have made repentance, humanly speaking, impossible. These four salient characteristics are the English imaginative power, rendering Englishmen strongly emotional and also strongly attached to national myths; the English patriotism, which is by this time fixedly associated with anti-Catholic ideas; English homogeneity, which makes England present. A generation was born and grew up which had never known anything but the great modern city. To know that a truth is there, even when it is hidden, is of great practical use; such knowledge is a thing to be kept in reserve for action when the critical hour comes in which it must be applied. The breakdown of marriage, of property, of Christian morals as a whole in modern England has come rapidly upon us, and whenever the acute necessity for a solution arises we can be there with the solution. The money which I lend a sick man may so put him to rights as to make him productive again, and may therefore be regarded as indirectly a productive loan, though unproductive in original intention.
Hilaire Belloc Belloc, Hilaire - Essay
There has not been civil conflict in England save of the wealthy against popular monarchy since England became the modern and Protestant country. We must wound and destroy. George's Channel, but none were more completely wrong in their calculation of that force than the small group of English Catholics, who thought of it only in terms of nationality. And in this we have once more on our side the energy of the Irish. Jones, who wants to increase his income as a lawyer or as a company promoter by getting into Parliament under the title "Communist quite as innocently as for the worthy. There is, and presumably always will be, plenty of adultery, murder, swindling, and the rest, present in society; but the society in which the rights of property are admitted, in which marriage is sacred and to which the. The whole world today reposes upon banking, the whole system of investment renders inquiry about the productive or unproductive quality of an investment normally impossible. So far, so good. On reading the report of this, your average Englishman would say: "Serves him right. He feels in his bones that if his people fell to accepting in the bulk the atmosphere of Catholicism, his peculiar sympathy with the beasts would be lessened.